Insights Remote telemetry & IoT

7 reasons why you need IoT cyber security


The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the network of physical devices embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies, all connected to the Internet, exchanging and processing data. This innovative concept revolutionises our interaction with technology, making everyday objects more innovative and responsive. However, this advancement is not without its risks. As IoT technology integrates into vital sectors like healthcare and critical national infrastructure, the necessity of robust IoT cyber security becomes increasingly apparent. It’s not merely a precautionary measure but an essential aspect of ensuring the safety and integrity of these interconnected systems.

1. Vulnerability to hacking

The inherent internet connectivity of devices significantly heightens their vulnerability to cyber threats. With billions of IoT devices worldwide, each poses a potential security risk, as a breach in any one device can compromise entire networks.

The diverse and vast scale of these devices, often lacking standardised security protocols, opens avenues for data breaches and malware distribution. Adopting post-quantum cryptography (or quantum-safe cryptography) in cyber security frameworks is emerging as a crucial defence. This advanced approach, designed to withstand future quantum computing capabilities, is being integrated into the core architecture of IoT devices. It ensures that protection is not just an add-on but an ingrained feature, addressing the escalating sophistication of cyber threats in our interconnected digital world.

2. Weak authentication measures

A vulnerability in the IoT ecosystem lies in its weak authentication measures; many devices are equipped with default passwords that are typically simplistic and remain unchanged or user-set passwords that are easily compromised. This lack of robust authentication means a single compromised device can pose a significant risk to an entire network, potentially leading to data breaches, operational disruptions, or even facilitating distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks.

Cyber security solutions such as incorporating stringent security protocols into network architectures. These solutions offer granular access policies and individual device permissions, enhancing security at the device level and providing a more resilient defence against unauthorised access and cyber threats. Such an approach is crucial in ensuring the integrity and security of our increasingly connected digital world’s vast and diverse IoT networks.

3. Limited processing power for security

A prevalent challenge in IoT security is the limited processing power of these devices, primarily designed for efficiency and low power consumption, often at the expense of advanced security features like firewalls and encryption. While beneficial for energy conservation, this design focus can leave devices more susceptible to cyber threats. Addressing this issue, innovative cyber security solutions have been developed that are tailored to function effectively on this low-power, embedded architectures typical of IoT devices. These solutions optimise security features for environments with limited computational power.

This approach achieves a vital balance: it maintains device performance and longevity while ensuring robust security. Consequently, it significantly enhances the safety of IoT devices in critical infrastructure and personal applications without compromising efficiency.

4. Challenges with legacy assets

Developed before current cyber security standards were established, legacy IoT systems often lack the necessary safeguards to protect against contemporary cyber threats. This poses a considerable risk, especially when these systems are connected to the internet, making them vulnerable to hacking and data breaches.

To address this issue, innovative cyber security strategies include:

  • Retrofitting these existing infrastructures with advanced security features
  • Integrating modern security technologies, such as improved encryption and access controls, into legacy IoT assets

This approach enhances security and extends the lifespan and utility of these legacy systems, ensuring they can safely operate within today’s digital ecosystem.”

5. Inconsistent security standards

The IoT industry is characterised by a lack of universal security standards, leading to a fragmented landscape with varied levels of protection across devices. This inconsistency makes it challenging to ensure comprehensive security, as devices may not be equally equipped to handle emerging cyber threats.

Without a common baseline for security, IoT devices are at a higher risk of being exploited due to weaker or outdated protocols in certain products. Advanced cyber security solutions compliant with post-quantum cryptography standards are being developed in response to this issue. These solutions offer a more unified approach to IoT security, aiming to bridge the gaps created by the current inconsistency.

6. Exposure to physical tampering

Physical access to IoT devices significantly heightens security risks, especially for those deployed in public or remote areas where they are more susceptible to unauthorised tampering. This can lead to the alteration or theft of sensitive data or the devices used as entry points for broader network attacks.

Advanced measures are being implemented to prevent cyber security attacks. These include using eSIMs, which offer enhanced security features compared to traditional SIM cards and integrating resilient hardware components designed to withstand physical interference. By focusing on physical security aspects, these measures effectively reduce the vulnerability of IoT devices to physical threats, thereby safeguarding the integrity of the devices and the networks they are connected to.

7. Network security gaps

IoT devices frequently operate across networks that may have security gaps, particularly in the transition between mobile networks and cloud services. These gaps create vulnerabilities where malicious actors can intercept, manipulate, or steal data. This risk is heightened when data transmission is critical and sensitive, such as in healthcare or financial services. Advanced security solutions like high-performance mesh connectivity are being implemented to address these vulnerabilities.

This approach creates:

  • A more seamless and secure network fabric
  • Reduced points of exposure.
  • Maintaining data security against the emerging threats of quantum computing, through post-quantum cryptography (or quantum-safe cryptography).

Don’t wait to implement IoT cyber security

IoT cyber security is critical in safeguarding the interconnected world we live in. From preventing hacking to securing network communications, it’s clear that robust IoT security measures are essential. Contact us to take the first step towards robust IoT cyber security, safeguarding your devices and network from the threat of cyber security attacks.

We’re proud to be offering CyberHive Connect – our Zero Trust Network Access (ZTNA) overlay product – for free on a personal license. Sign up for a registration code and a member of our team will be in touch,

Get in touch

If you have a question or would like some more information, contact us today.